- Genetic factors
- Hormonal changes (esp in women)
What are the symptoms?
- Bad smell/bad breath
- Reddish gum
- Gum bleeding
- Gum swelling
- Gum sensitivity
- Gum soreness
In more severe cases
- Gum recession
- Gum swelling
- Loose teeth
How can you prevent?
Other than some aggressive forms of periodontal diseases, we can prevent gum diseases by preventing bacteria in the mouth.
It involves 2 major forms of care:
By Providing good oral hygiene. Brushing twice daily & flossing once daily with the right techniques
By receiving regular professional cleaning done at the dentist. 6 monthly professional cleaning is recommended. For people who have existing periodontal conditions, dentist may recommend more frequent dental visits.
What is involved in a periodontal treatment?
Depending on the severity of the periodontal diseases, the treatment approaches are different. All periodontal treatments are aimed to deal with the gum infection.
Scale and Clean
When you visit your dentist for a regular dental check up and cleaning appointment, you are actually receiving a periodontal treatment by getting the professional cleaning done. By removing the plaque and “tartar” that cannot be removed by brushing alone, are removed thoroughly at the dentist.
Majority of gingivitis or gum inflammations that do not involve surrounding bone tissues or loss of attachment, can be managed by this professional cleaning at your regular dental visit.
Deep cleaning (Scale & Root Debridement)
Deep cleaning approach is often needed for the periodontal conditions that involve some bone loss with deep pocketing in the gum. Bottom of the gum pockets cannot be cleaned well with home care, therefore professional deep cleaning is needed.
This often involves numbing up the gum and removing bacteria inside the gum pockets to reduce the inflammation and hopefully re-attach the gum to the root surfaces.
For more advanced periodontal conditions or for the conditions that are “unresponsive” to deep cleaning approach, surgical approach can be involved. This involves surgically opening the involved gum tissues and debride away the plaque and tartar in the affected regions. The area is thoroughly cleaned and disinfected and sutured back up for healing.
Depending on the conditions, medications and suitable mouthwashes may be used.
All periodontal treatments require good monitoring and thorough on-going care.